Skip to content
Yale Gordon College of Arts and Sciences

Course Descriptions

APPL Course Descriptions

View the schedule of classes to determine course offerings by semester.

  • APPL 601 The Biological Basis of Behavior (3)
    Survey of the anatomical structures and physiological processes that underlie psychological functioning. Topics include the role of the central nervous system and the sensory, endocrine and muscular systems as they contribute to the individual’s adaptations to internal and external environments. Lab fee required.
  • APPL 602 Professional Identity, Ethics and Legal Issues in the Practice of Counseling and Psychology

    Focuses on the development of professional identity, pathways to credentialing and licensure and legal and ethical
    issues in professional counseling and psychology. Students examine professional organizations, credentialing
    bodies and the ethical codes relevant to the practice of counseling and psychology. Emphasis on ethical standards
    of the American Counseling Association and resolution of ethical dilemmas through the application of an ethical
    decision-making model.

  • APPL 603 Learning and Cognition (3)
    Study of the major theories and models of human learning from both the traditional behaviorist perspective and the contemporary cognitive perspective and an experiential overview of how people acquire, store and use information. Theoretical and empirical information is applied to the understanding of human behavior in a wide variety of settings.
  • APPL 604 Interviewing (3)
    The interview as an informational, research and clinical tool. Interview formats and their construction, as well as the skills required for their utilization, are reviewed. The relationship of the interview to other information-gathering procedures is considered. Lab fee required.
  • APPL 605 Advanced Theories of Personality and Counseling (3)
    Survey of major theories of counseling. Psychodynamic and humanistic theories of psychopathology and applications to clinical problems from each approach are included.
  • APPL 606 Basic Counseling Techniques (3)
    Basic skills and techniques required for conducting counseling sessions. Listening skills, initial interviewing, taking case histories, etc., are explored. Basically experiential in nature, with students practicing and evaluating counseling styles and abilities and participating in varied classroom activities such as mock counseling interviews. Lab fee required. prerequisite: APPL 605 or permission of instructor
  • APPL 607 Behavioral Medicine (3)
    Examination of theory and practice in the field of behavioral medicine, emphasizing the role of mind-body interaction in physical health and illness as well as approaches to prevention, diagnosis and treatment of physical disease and psychophysiological dysfunction. Topics include doctor-patient communication, specific physical conditions, modification of health behavior and coping strategies.
  • APPL 608 Applied Assessment Procedures (3)
    Exploration of current procedures employed in the evaluation of behavior. Attention to the observation and interpretation of behavioral information and its relationship to choice of assessment procedures. Representative measures of intelligence, achievement, aptitude, personality and psychological motor functioning are reviewed. Lab fee required.
  • APPL 610 Psychopathology and Diagnosis (3)
    Problems in the epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of behavior disorders. Major attention is given to changing applied and theoretical perspectives in the light of contemporary research methodologies and findings.
  • APPL 612 Human Relations (3)
    Examination of human interactions in work settings that impact individual mental health and organizational health and productivity. Emphasis on preventing and intervening to reduce stress, frustration, conflict and violence, sexual harassment and other social problems in the workplace by applying research in emotional intelligence, personality, social perception, communication, persuasion and teamwork.
  • APPL 613 Human Development (3)
    Survey of the biological, psychological and social changes that accompany the developmental process. Includes a study of the physical, intellectual, emotional and social development of the individual from conception to death, with special emphasis on adulthood.
  • APPL 614 Community Psychology (3)

    Provides an introduction to the central concepts, strategies, findings and values of community psychology to help students develop broader perspectives on individual and community functioning and well-being. Explores the interdependence of individuals and their communities and environments, with foci on social issues and policies, underserved and marginalized groups, social justice and social change, and prevention of social and mental health problems. Major emphasis is on research and interventions at the level of small groups, organizations, institutions and communities to reduce stress, enhance quality of life, prevent emotional and behavioral disorders, and empower individuals and their communities.
  • APPL 615 Cognitive and Psychological Foundations (3)
    Covers material for three competency areas within the basic fields of psychology that are considered essential at the master’s level. Topics include biological bases of behavior, learning theories and cognition.
  • APPL 616 Advanced Treatment Techniques (3)
    Acquaints students with specialized skills and treatments beyond the basic counseling techniques. Counseling techniques and treatments needed for specific populations and problem areas are discussed. Marital counseling, family counseling, sexual disorders and crisis intervention are some of the areas of focus. An overview of treatments of major mental disorders is presented. prerequisites: APPL 605 and APPL 606 or equivalent


  • APPL 617 Personality Assessment (3)
    Examines the rationale, psychometric properties and utility of some of the major personality assessments in use today. Focuses primarily on objective measures of personality, but projective measures are introduced. Emphasis is given to the professional and ethical responsibilities associated with the assessment process and to administration and interpretation procedures. Lab fee required. prerequisites: APPL 610 and APPL 608 or satisfactory completion of undergraduate Tests and Measurements course
  • APPL 618 Intellectual Assessment (3)
    Examines the theoretical background, rationale and validity of  the major tests of intellectual ability in use today. Emphasis is given to the professional and ethical responsibilities associated with the assessment process and to administration and interpretation procedures. Lab fee required. prerequisites: APPL 610 and APPL 608 or satisfactory completion of undergraduate Tests and Measurements course


  • APPL 619 Psychological Assessment (3)
    Examines the rationale and validity of the more predominant intelligence tests, projective measures, interest inventories and personality measures currently in use. Focus also includes professional and ethical responsibilities associated with the assessment process and provides familiarity with administration and interpretation procedures. Lab fee required. prerequisite: both APPL 610 and either APPL 608 or undergraduate Tests and Measurements course
  • APPL 620 Introduction to Clinical Neuropsychology (3)
    Survey of basic clinical neuropsychology, focusing on the psychometric foundations of different diagnoses based on the clinical presentation of human brain dysfunction. Discusses cognitive, behavioral, emotional and social symptoms of the major neuropsychological disorders. Issues of assessment in impaired populations are addressed, including the provision of effective psychological services to the neuropsychologically impaired individual.
  • APPL 621 Substance Abuse Counseling (3)
    Review of current literature regarding the prevalence, etiology, physiology, psychology, risk factors and social phenomena associated with substance (including alcohol) abuse and dependence. Emphasizes contemporary and traditional treatment methods employed by outpatient clinics and inpatient units. prerequisite: APPL 606
  • APPL 622 Group Counseling (3)
    Introduction to the theory and practice of group psychotherapy, including consideration of history and theory as well as practical considerations and clinical techniques. Ethical considerations for therapists who lead groups are discussed. An experiential component may be incorporated into the class periods. Lab fee required. prerequisite: APPL 606
  • APPL 623 Career Counseling (3)
    Introduces the primary theories that explain how individuals make career choices and the specific strategies the counselor can use to help the client make informed career choices. Students gain exposure to specific instruments designed to assist in career decisions. Lab fee may be required. prerequisite: APPL 606
  • APPL 624 Psychology and the Law (3)
    Application of the fundamental principles of psychology to facets of the legal system, including an overview of the field as well as specialized topics such as competency, commitment, psychology of juries and the psychology of evidence. Emphasis on current newsworthy topics as well as on rapidly changing controversial issues and ethical considerations.
  • APPL 625 Multicultural Counseling (3)
    Explores the impact of social and cultural norms on several population groups, with emphasis on aging, ethnicity, gender issues and psychosexual orientation. Cultural differences and their impact on the counseling relationship are examined. prerequisites: APPL 605 and APPL 606
  • APPL 626 Family Therapy (3)
    Presents an overview of various family therapy theories and techniques, including systems theory. An integration of these techniques into the therapy process with couples and families is explored. Special attention is given to specific issues such as the impact of gender and ethnicity on a family therapeutic intervention. Sexual issues in a marriage/family context are examined. prerequisite: APPL 606
  • APPL 627 Child and Adolescent Therapy (3)
    Provides an understanding of the psychological disorders of childhood and adolescence. Covers the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of a broad range of disorders that typically arise in childhood or adolescence and examines the factors that contribute to their development. prerequisite: APPL 606
  • APPL 628 College Counseling (3)
    Provides an understanding of the issues and psychological problems of college students, and how those issues and problems are treated in the college setting. Covers the assessment and treatment of disorders that characterize young adulthood, the core knowledge and skills of college counselors and an orientation to college and university counseling centers. prerequisites: APPL 602, APPL 606 and APPL 610
  • APPL 629 Special Topics: Topics in Counseling (3)
    Theoretical assumptions, techniques and effectiveness of interventions associated with behavioral and psychological problems of the aged, alcoholics, sexual deviants, criminal offenders and/or problems encountered in marriage and family situations. Specific topic may vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit as course topic changes. Lab fee may be required. prerequisites: to be determined by instructor
  • APPL 631 Intermediate Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (3)
    The logic of hypothesis testing and assumptions underlying its use are the framework for studying analysis of variance and covariance and multiple regression. These tools are learned in the context of application to psychological research. Students learn to complete statistical analyses using a microcomputer statistical package and to interpret the results.
  • APPL 632 Research Methods for Applied Psychology (3) sample syllabus
    Builds on the fundamentals of research design and on knowledge of basic statistical techniques to provide a broad overview of the major research methods of applied psychological research. Students learn to frame inquiries and problems as research questions. The relative merits and drawbacks of the major research methods are explored. Students develop a research proposal to investigate an applied research question. prerequisite: APPL 631
  • APPL 633 Research and Evaluation (3)
    Surveys methods used to investigate questions and acquire knowledge in counseling and psychology and provides students with the skills necessary to critically evaluate counseling and clinical research literature. Topics include principles and techniques of qualitative and quantitative models, needs assessment, program evaluation, ethical and multicultural considerations in the research process and the role of the mental health counselor as a knowledgeable research consumer.
  • APPL 635 Program Evaluation (3)
    Study of the theories, constructs and analytical skills needed to develop, implement and evaluate organizational programs and policies. Emphasis is on the research methods used to measure and track programs and their outcomes over time. prerequisites: APPL 631 and 632 or permission of program director
  • APPL 639 Special Topics: Applied Statistics (3)
    Study of one major statistical topic, such as multivariate statistics, structural equation modeling, meta-analysis, analysis of ordinal and categorical variables or nonparametric statistical techniques. Offered when student demand is sufficient and matches instructor interests. Topic may vary from semester to semester. May be repeated for credit as course topic changes. prerequisites: APPL 631, APPL 632 and permission of instructor
  • APPL 641 Organizational Psychology (3) sample syllabus
    Studies how principal theories and empirical findings from research in organizational psychology are used to improve employee performance and satisfaction. Emphasizes the interactive effects of situational and individual difference variables as they influence organizational behavior. Overview includes motivation, leadership, employee morale, group dynamics and interpersonal communication. Students apply theoretical and empirical findings to solutions of work-related problems in case studies. Lab fee may be required.
  • APPL 642 Motivation, Satisfaction and Leadership (3) sample syllabus
    Critical and in-depth examination of the research evidence for theories of leadership and job satisfaction. Using motivation as a central concept, students gain an understanding of how group dynamics and personal, environmental and cultural factors influence organizational behaviors. Students work in teams to solve performance-related problems presented in case studies. Lab fee may be required. prerequisite: APPL 641 or approval of program director
  • APPL 643 Advanced Social Psychology (3)
    Survey of the theoretical positions, research methodology and current findings seeking to explain how interpersonal interactions affect individual and group behavior. Consideration is given to such constructs as attitudes, attributions and cooperation.
  • APPL 644 Personnel Psychology (3) sample syllabus
    Overview of the area of personnel psychology. Topics include job analysis, personnel selection and placement, training and development and performance appraisal. Special attention to measurement procedures involved in personnel selection and performance appraisal. Equal employment opportunity laws and their effect on personnel practices are discussed. Lab fee may be required. prerequisite: permission of instructor (for non-psychology majors)
  • APPL 645 Personnel Assessment (3) sample syllabus
    Application of the technical material learned in Personnel Psychology related to assessment techniques used to select, promote and evaluate personnel. Hands-on experience with these methods, including development of the most common ones. Assessment techniques discussed may include ability tests, personality and honesty tests, drug testing, work samples, interviews, training and evaluation forms and performance appraisals. Students go through the process of developing surveys for attitude assessment. Lab fee required. prerequisite: APPL 644 or permission of instructor
  • APPL 646 Employment Law in Human Resource Management (3) sample syllabus
    Review and analysis of federal laws and their application to human resource management (including employee selection, promotion, performance appraisals, discipline, termination, compensation, benefits and safety). Covers EEO, Affirmative Action, Civil Rights Acts, Americans with Disabilities Act and other antidiscriminatory legislation, as well as FLSA and OSHA. Examines legal issues such as privacy, sexual harassment, drug testing and employees’ rights versus employers’ rights. Addresses strategies for creating policy and legal concerns in a context of organizational behavior and motivation theories.
  • APPL 647 Training and Organizational Development (3)
    Theory, findings and methods relating to how an organization ensures that its employees are equipped to accomplish its mission. Students learn about techniques to assess and implement organizational change. Through hands-on activities, they learn to develop and implement programs such as skills training, team building and management development.
  • APPL 648 Employee Selection (3) sample syllabus
    Examines testing and decision theory, legality and societal issues involved in matching individual knowledge, skills, abilities and other characteristics with organizational needs. Discussions include employment interviews, cognitive abilities testing, integrity and substance abuse testing, personality measures, biographical data and other procedures. Lab fee may be required. prerequisite: APPL 644
  • APPL 649 Special Topics: Industrial/Organizational Psychology (3)
    Studies a topic of industrial/organizational psychology of mutual interest to students and faculty that is not currently part of course offerings. Topic may vary. May be repeated for credit as course topic changes. Lab fee may be required.
  • APPL 650 Work Groups in Organizations (3) sample syllabus
    Study of group dynamics in the context of organizations, focusing on the predominant psychological theories and research findings that explain the formation and development of work groups. Emphasis on learning how effective strategies and techniques can be used to enhance teamwork in organizations.
  • APPL 651 Job Analysis (3)
    Survey of job analysis methodology and issues, using experiential projects. Includes tools used in conducting a job analysis: data gathering techniques, legal and technical standards and the Occupational Information Network. Emphasis is on variation in approach dependent on subsequent application of the results.
  • APPL 652 Organizational Theory and Development (3)
    Survey of organizational theory and techniques used in organizational development. Topics include organizational structure and communication, sources of power, organizational culture, Lewin’s Change Model, Action Research and Schein’s Process Change.
  • APPL 653 Consulting Skills (3) sample syllabus
    Focuses on the essential skills and abilities needed for successful consulting to organizations. Topics include business development, project management, cost estimation and report writing. Emphasizes learning techniques used for successful group presentations and developing skills for effective oral and written communication.
  • APPL 654 Survey Development and Implementation (3) sample syllabus
    How to plan, design and implement surveys to assess organizational characteristics. Emphasizes how to collect and analyze survey data and present findings to the organization.
  • APPL 655 Practical Applications in I/O Psychology (3) sample syllabus
    An opportunity to practice real-world application of the competencies acquired in the degree program. Students propose solutions to simulated or actual challenges faced by organizations and demonstrate their ability to integrate and apply broad knowledge of personnel and organizational psychology. prerequisites: APPL 632, 642, 645 and 651
  • APPL 656 Qualitative Research Methods (3)
    Focuses on the predominant techniques for designing, collecting and analyzing qualitative data. Various methods of data collection, such as naturalistic observation, informal interviewing, in-depth immersion (ethnography) and focus groups, are studied. Covers topics relating to content analysis, coding responses, ethical issues and comparing qualitative and quantitative measures.
  • APPL 657 Personality at Work (3) sample syllabus
    A study of the role that personality plays in an organizational setting. Examines the construct of personality as it relates to job performance and to interpersonal relations at work. Focuses primarily on recent theory, research and findings on the effectiveness of personality in selection with an emphasis on response distortion issues. Each student completes several self-report inventories to gain a personal view of how someone with his or her profile would be expected to behave in various work environments.
  • APPL 658 Change Management (3)
    Theory, findings and methods relating to how organizations manage and mismanage change. Students learn about
    techniques to assess and implement organizational change. Through hands-on activities, they learn to develop and implement change management programs, including skills training and team building.
  • APPL 659 Cross-Cultural Organizational Psychology (3)
    Examines topics in organizational psychology from a cross-cultural lens, focusing on portability of Western based theories and practices to other cultures.  Topics include cultural values, methodological equivalencies, intercultural training, group processes, organizational justice, work-family issues, leadership, negotiations, acculturation and expatriation/repatriation. pre-requisite: APPL 641 or permission of instructor
  • APPL 661 Death, Dying, Loss and Grief (3)
    Models of adjustment to loss and their application to counseling individuals and groups who have experienced significant loss through death, illness and injury, divorce and major life transitions. Emphasis on issues related to death and dying (including social, psychological and cultural factors that influence grieving). Also explores significant loss areas to which grief intervention perspectives and techniques can be applied.
  • APPL 662 Treatment of Trauma (3)

    Provides students with knowledge and exposure to the current approaches to treatment of trauma used by clinicians. This course is designed to meet the requirements of the Maryland Board of Professional Counselors and Therapists for a course in psychotherapy and treatment of mental disorders. Lab fee may be required. prerequisites: APPL 605, APPL 606 and APPL 610 or their equivalents
  • APPL 663 Treatment of Depressive Disorders (3)

    Provides students with knowledge and skills in current evidence-based approaches to treatment of depressive disorders and of more complex disorders that often present as depression, such as borderline personality disorder. Cognitive and cognitive behavioral treatments are emphasized, though other theoretical approaches are noted. The class is designed for advanced graduate students in counseling and meets the Maryland state LCPC licensure requirement for a course in psychotherapy and treatment of mental disorders. Lab fee may be required. prerequisites: APPL 605, APPL 606 and APPL 610 or their equivalents
  • APPL 665 Clinical Supervision (3)
    Advanced counseling course provides didactic preparation in clinical supervision knowledge and skills. Emphasizes ethics, supervisory relationship dynamics, models of supervision, modes of evaluation, supervision research and tools to conduct effective clinical supervision with counselor trainees. Course is approved by the Maryland Board of Professional Counselors and Therapists as meeting the educational requirement for those seeking LCPC board-approved supervisor status. prerequisites: two semesters of APPL 703 or APPL 708, and permission of the instructor
  • APPL 664 Geropsychology: Psychosocial Factors (3)
    Survey of the empirical data and theoretical formulations relating to the psychosocial concomitants of aging. Consideration of the interactional effects of individual, familial, social and cultural variables as they influence successful adaptation to later life.
  • APPL 700 Special Topics: Applied Psychology (3)
    Readings and discussions of topics in applied psychology. Topic may vary. May be repeated for credit as course topic changes. Lab fee may be required. prerequisites: determined by instructor
  • APPL 701 Seminar in Applied Psychology (3)
    Readings and discussions of research studies and theoretical papers in areas of special interest to seminar participants. prerequisite: completion of 15 hours of applied psychology core courses
  • APPL 702 Field Experience (1-3)
    Supervised prior-to-practicum experience at a setting that supports preparation for a career in counseling or industrial/organizational psychology. Not a clinical experience. To earn 1 credit, a student spends approximately 60 hours at the site and provides a journal of the experience for the supervising faculty member. The requirements are agreed to in writing prior to registration by the student, supervising faculty member and on-site supervisor. A maximum of 3 credits may be applied to the degree. Course is NOT eligible for a continuing studies grade and does NOT count as part of the 60 credits required to qualify for certification by the State Board of Professional Counselors. Pass/fail grading. prerequisite: prior approval (See above.)
  • APPL 703 Practicum in Counseling Psychology (3)
    Experience in the application of behavioral change methods and skills in a clinical or counseling setting. The student 1) functions as a professional under the supervision and guidance of an on-site director, and 2) attends scheduled group supervision meetings on campus several times during the course of the semester. Students must complete arrangements for the experience with the practicum coordinator in the semester preceding enrollment. Lab fee may be required. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied toward the degree. Eligible for continuing studies grade. prerequisites: permission of instructor prior to registration and APPL 602, 605, 606 and 610
  • APPL 704 Practicum in Research (3)
    Supervised participation in experimental studies designed by either the student or an individual approved by the instructor. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied toward the degree. Eligible for continuing studies grade. prerequisites: APPL 631 and APPL 632 or equivalent and approval of instructor
  • APPL 705 Practicum in Assessment (3)
    Supervised experience in the use of assessment procedures in situations relevant to student interest and vocational goals. Students spend the equivalent of one day per week at an approved training site. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied toward the degree. Eligible for continuing studies grade. prerequisites: APPL 606 and APPL 619 or APPL 645 or other appropriate coursework in assessment and approval of instructor
  • APPL 706 Practicum in Applied Psychology (3)
    An opportunity to gain practical experience in the application of psychology at various work settings. The work and/or field research is designed and mutually agreed upon by the student, the practicum coordinator and the workplace supervisor. Includes regular on-campus meetings. Enrollment may be limited by availability of settings. Student must complete arrangements for the experience with the practicum coordinator in the semester preceding enrollment. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied to the degree. Eligible for continuing studies grade. prerequisites: permission of instructor (prior to registration) and coursework deemed pertinent to the project by practicum coordinator
  • APPL 707 Practicum in Industrial/Organizational Psychology (1-4) sample syllabus
    Supervised participation in field research in applied job settings. Hands-on experience with I/O work assignments is performed and evaluated. The work and/or field research is designed by the student or senior personnel and should enhance a student’s vita/resume. Government, industry, public/community service or other settings may be generated by the instructor or the student. Setting and research/job duties must be proposed and agreed upon in writing by the student, the instructor and an authorized representative from the organization. To the extent that settings/positions must be generated by the instructor, enrollment is limited according to availability. A maximum of 6 credits may be applied toward the degree. Eligible for continuing studies grade. prerequisite: permission of instructor
  • APPL 708 Internship in Counseling (1-3)

    Builds upon APPL 703, Practicum in Counseling, allowing students to practice and integrate counseling skills in campus or community settings. Students accrue at least 100 hours of supervised clinical experience for each credit taken. Course meets professional counselor licensure requirements for field experience in counseling. prerequisites: APPL 703 and permission of program director

  • APPL 779 Directed Study in Applied Psychology (1–3)
    The pursuit of independent work under the supervision of a faculty member. This work should relate to a topic not covered by the regular departmental offerings and may provide a basis for entrance into courses with special prerequisites. The student writes a proposal that is approved by the supervising faculty member and the graduate program director prior to registration. Pass/fail grading. Eligible for continuing studies grade.  prerequisites: completion of required core and approval prior to registration
  • APPL 789 Research Proposal Development (3)
    Independent study in which the student develops a proposal for research founded in the literature and practice of applied psychology. The student must have the requisite skills for bringing the proposal to completion. The end product of the course is a research proposal that may be presented to the division as a thesis proposal. Course is NOT eligible for continuing studies grade. Pass/fail grading. prerequisite: prior permission of faculty member
  • APPL 798 Continuous Enrollment (1)
    Provides continuing faculty direction, academic support services and enrollment services for students who have completed all course requirements for the degree but have not completed a thesis or final project. Students continue the independent work leading to finishing the thesis or final project that is significantly under way. Course may be repeated for credit as needed. Eligible for continuing studies (CS) grade; otherwise grading is pass/fail. prerequisite: completion of all course requirements for the degree program
  • APPL 799 Thesis in Applied Psychology (3-6)
    An independent and original research effort, supervised closely by full-time faculty. It should be founded in the literature of applied psychology. The student is expected to demonstrate an ability to formulate research questions as testable hypotheses, to analyze data using appropriate research methods and design and statistical tools, and to present the entire work in a well-written document using APA style. The number of credits is determined when the proposal is approved. Eligible for continuing studies (CS) grade; otherwise grading is pass/fail. prerequisite: approval of thesis proposal prior to registration