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You're interested in studying so many things, it's hard to pick just one. Luckily, you don't have to.

You can choose to complete a minor to complement or support what you're studying in your major. Minors at UB are a cohesive set of undergraduate courses designed to provide you with an optional opportunity to cultivate skills and knowledge through concentrated study in an area outside of your major. These 15-18 credits may focus on one discipline or may be interdisciplinary.

  • Why would you choose to complete a minor?

    • You may choose to complete a minor to leverage your major if the minor complements or supports the areas of study in your major. Choosing to complete a minor could help make you better prepared to enter the work force and could increase your professional competency.
    • You may choose to complete a minor for fun, simply because the areas of study in the minor interest you.
    • You may choose to complete a minor to make good use of credits that you may have earned prior to choosing or changing your major.
  • What are the requirements to declare a minor?

    • You have already declared a major (or declare both a major and a minor at the same time).
    • You have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0-2.5, depending on the minor; please see the following individual minors descriptions for further information.
    • You must seek the approval of your academic adviser in determining if a minor is appropriate for your course of study.

Guidelines to note:

  • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
  • At least half of the required credits for the minor must be upper-division courses (300- or 400-level).
  • You may apply a maximum of six credits transferred from another institution to a minor.
  • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

For more information, please contact your academic adviser or the faculty contact for the minor.

Requirements by Minor

  • Applied Rhetoric

    A perfect fit for you if you're preparing for law school or in such majors as jurisprudence and criminal justice.

    This minor is ideal for students interested in developing the close reading and communication skills needed for professions in law, communication and business.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (6 credits)

    • The Archeology of Language (ENGL 392)
    • Understanding Narrative (ENGL 395)

    CMAT Requirement (3 credits)

    Choose one of the following:

    • The Rhetoric of Digital Communication (CMAT 342)
    • Media Literacy (CMAT 352)
    • Mass Media & Society (CMAT 371)

    ENGL/WRIT Requirements (6 credits)

    Choose two of the following:

    • Popular Genres (ENGL 331)
    • Media Genres (ENGL/CMAT 333)
    • Literature & Law (ENGL 356)
    • Literature in Society (ENGL 400)
    • Argument & Persuasion (ENGL 321)
    • Legal Writing & Rhetoric (ENGL 330)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Cheryl Wilson, 410.837.5203

  • Business Management

    Learn the fundamental language, culture and practices of business.

    Students in the Business Administration, Information Systems and Technology Management, and Real Estate and Economic Development programs are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (12 credits)

    • Introduction to Financial Accounting (ACCT 201)
    • The Economic Way of Thinking (ECON 200)
    • Management and Organizational Behavior (MGMT 301)
    • Marketing Management (MKTG 301)

    Elective (3 credits)

    Choose one.

    • The Entrepreneurial Experience (ENTR 300)
    • Personal Finance (FIN 300)
    • Management Information Systems (INSS 300)
    • Global Business Environment (MGMT 302)
    • Human Resource Management (MGMT 315)
    • Global Field Study (MGMT 498)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Tigineh Mersha, 410.837.4965

  • Community Studies and Civic Engagement

    For students who want to make a difference in their community.

    Community Studies and Civic Engagement majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (12 credits)

    • Understanding Community (CSCE 200)
    • Community Studies (CSCE 300)
    • Leadership for Social Change (CSCE 306)
    • Community Engagement Experience (CSCE 481)

    Electives (3 credits)

    Choose one:

    • Topics in Community Studies (CSCE 297)
    • Introduction to Nonprofit Leadership (CSCE 301)
    • Social Awareness and Ethical Responsibility (CSCE 311)
    • Community Organizations in a Digital World (CSCE 315)
    • Nonprofit Management (CSCE 400)
    • Community Leadership and Decision-Making (CSCE 412)
    • Capstone Seminar (CSCE 482)
    • Special Topics in Community Studies and Civic Engagement (CSCE 497)
    • Personal Selling (MKTG 430)

    Adviser Contact: Kristen Tull, 410.837.5372

  • Creative Writing

    Your career-oriented major and a creative outlet: this minor allows you to have it both ways.

    Many students—from early childhood through high school—produce poetry, short stories, plays and other forms of creative writing, but when they reach college, they feel compelled to give up their writing to pursue a more practical, applied area that is more likely to help them secure a job and significant income. This minor has a set of courses that will hone your existing skills and teach you new ones that will serve you well, regardless of your career.

    English majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirement (3 credits)

    • Introduction to Creative Writing (ENGL 215)

    Genre Requirement (6 credits)

    Choose two of the following:

    • The Short Story (ENGL 315)
    • Modern Poetry (ENGL 316)
    • The Novel (ENGL 317)
    • Contemporary Literature (ENGL 320)
    • Literature & Film (ENGL 332)
    • Modern Drama (ENGL 338)

    Workshop Requirement (6 credits)

    • Creative Writing Workshop: Memoir (ENGL 387)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Creative Journalism (ENGL 386)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Poetry (ENGL 382)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Fiction (ENGL 383)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Playwriting (ENGL 385)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Screenwriting (ENGL 384/CMAT 363)
    • Creative Writing: Special Topics (ENGL 388)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Cheryl Wilson, 410.837.5203

  • Economics and Public Policy

    Gain insight into economics and public policy analysis with this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)

    Required Courses (6 credits)

    • Economics of Contemporary Issues (ECON 100)
    • The Economic Way of Thinking (ECON 200)
    Electives (9 credits)

    Choose three.

    • Public Economics and Land Use Policy (ECON 312)
    • International Economics (ECON 409)
      requires successful completion of ECON 200 or 3 credits in macro- or microeconomics
    • Economic and Community Development (CSCE 401)
    • American Political Institutions (GVPP 300)
    • American Public Policy (GVPP 324)
      requires successful completion of GVPP 300
    • Urban Politics and Public Policy (GVPP 326)

     

    Faculty Contact: Professor C.Jerry Yu, 410.837.4078

  • Entrepreneurship

    If you're interested in the creation of for-profit or nonprofit enterprises, this minor will give you an introduction to the industry.

    Students in the Business Administration program specializing in entrepreneurship are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)

    Required Courses (12 credits)

    • Introduction to Financial Accounting (ACCT 201)
    • The Entrepreneurial Experience (ENTR 300)
    • Marketing Management (MKTG 301)
    • Opportunity Assessment and Development (ENTR 320)
      requires successful completion of ENTR 300 and MKTG 301

    Elective (3 credits)

    Choose one.

    • Entrepreneurial Organization, Planning and Implementation (ENTR 450)
      requires successful completion ENTR 300 and ENTR 320
    • Social Enterprise (ENTR 460)
      requires permission of the instructor

    Faculty Contact: Professor Dennis Pitta, 410.837.4891

  • History

    Every art, science and technique has a history. Learn more about the one that drives you.

    The research skills and intellectual habits you'll develop by studying history can enhance your success, no matter your major. And take advantage of this opportunity to explore the history of your own field.

    History majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements. Transfer students may transfer as many as 6 credits into the minor, but must take a minimum of 9 credits toward the minor at UB.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)

    Choose two of the following:

    • World History to 1500 (HIST101)
    • World History Since 1500 (HIST102)
    • Early America (HIST111)
    • Modern America (HIST112)
    • World History of Art to 1500 (HIST121)
    • World History of Art From1500 (HIST122)
    • Conflicts in History (HIST197)

    Choose one of the following:

    • The Historian's Toolkit (HIST 295)
    • Introduction to Historiography (HIST 395)

    And complete both of the following:

    • one 200-level or higher HIST course (must be 3 credits)
    • one 400-level or higher HIST course (must be 3 credits, may be HIST 492: Independent Study)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Nicole Hudgins, 410.837.5303

  • Literature

    Take time away from your textbooks for great literature.

    Supplement your major by developing strong reading and analytical skills while also engaging with a variety of interesting and challenging literary works.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirement (3 credits)

    • Literary Theory & Interpretation (ENGL 397)

    Period & Context Courses (6 credits)

    Choose two of the following:

    • Wells of the Past: Classical Foundations (ENGL 311)
    • American Literature to 1900 (ENGL 341)
    • Melville, Poe & Whitman: American Voyagers (ENGL 342)
    • American Literature Since 1900 (ENGL 344)
    • The American Dream (ENGL 346)
    • Major Authors (ENGL 360)
    • The Hero & the Quest (ENGL 361)
    • Dante, Chaucer & Cervantes: Three Versions of Pilgrimage (ENGL 362)
    • Milton, Blake & Yeats: Poet as Prophet (ENGL 366)
    • Austen, the Brontes & Woolf: Rooms of Their Own (ENGL 374)
    • Literature in Society (ENGL 400)
    • The Elizabethan Renaissance: In the Green World (ENGL 421)
    • The Metaphysical Moment: From T.S. Eliot to John Donne (ENGL 431)
    • The Age of Reason (ENGL 432)
    • The Romantic Imagination (ENGL 441)
    • The Victorian Paradox (ENGL 442)
    • The Great Moderns (ENGL 450)

    Electives (6 credits)

    • two 300- or 400-level ENGL courses (WRIT/writing courses may not be used)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Cheryl Wilson, 410.837.5203

  • Marketing Communications

    Gain practical knowledge of the fundamental language, culture and practice of marketing as a communication tool in business.

    Students in the Business Administration, Information Systems and Technology Management, Real Estate and Economic Development, and Digital Communication (Public Relations Specialization) programs are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (9 credits)

    • Introduction to Financial Accounting (ACCT 201)
    • The Economic Way of Thinking (ECON 200)
    • Marketing Management (MKTG 301)

    Electives (6 credits)

    Choose two.

    • Internet and Business (INSS 401)
      requires successful completion of INSS 300 or permission of the instructor
    • Advertising and Promotion (MKTG 415)
      requires successful completion of MKTG 301
    • Personal Selling (MKTG 430)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Dennis Pitta, 410.837.4891

  • Philosophy

    Embrace a unique academic and intellectual opportunity to be exposed to a way of looking at the world that may be unlike anything you have experienced before.

    There is value in struggling with the fundamental questions of human existence. Through this minor, you'll develop skills—such as analytic thinking with methodological rigor, clear and concise writing, and openness to different ways of looking at the world— that are likely to make you more successful in your career, no matter the field.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.
    • At least 9 credits earned toward this minor must be in 300- or 400-level courses

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (6 credits)

    Choose one of the following.

    • Ancient Philosophy (PHIL 317)
    • Modern Philosophy (PHIL 319)
    • 20th-Century Philosophy (PHIL 320)

    Choose one of the following.

    • Introduction to Philosophy (PHIL 101)
    • Contemporary Moral Issues (PHIL 140)
    • Critical Thinking and Arguments (PHIL 150)

    Electives (9 credits)

    • two philosophy elective courses at the 200 level or higher
    • one philosophy elective course at the 400 level

    Faculty Contact: Professor Joshua Kassner, 410.837.5316

  • Popular Culture

    Immerse yourself in rapidly evolving, far-reaching expressions of shared cultures.

    The construction of self, of groups, of popular icons and culturally significant phrases are but a Tweet away, and the ease with which these media can be engaged does not diminish their social impact. Through this minor, you will learn to read, interpret, critique and utilize various media to become more savvy consumers of popular culture. You will examine a variety of media—from print, film and television to popular music and video games—that focus on representations of historical figures and events, families, racial and ethnic groups, and political issues. Along the way, you will learn about the historical, social, business and governmental forces that affect popular culture as well as the psychological motivations for embracing or rejecting aspects of popular culture.

    Digital communication majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (18 credits)


    • Interpreting Pop Culture (CMAT 271)
    • Media Literacy (CMAT 352)

    Choose one of the following.

    • The Art of Film (ARTS 230)
    • Decoding Media (CMAT 231)
    • Literature & Film (ENGL 332)

    Choose one of the following.

    • Mass Media & Society (CMAT 371)
    • Representing Reality: News & Documentary (CMAT 381)

    Choose one of the following.

    • Popular Writing (ENGL 211)
    • The American Dream (ENGL 346)
    • The Archaeology of Language (ENGL 392)
    • Media Genres (CMAT 333/ENGL 333)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Screenwriting (CMAT 363/ENGL 384)
    • Games, Simulations and Society (COSC 460)
    • Media and Government (GVPP 362)
    • Film and History (HIST 390)
    • Special Topics courses, as appropriate

    Choose one additional course from any of those listed prior.


    Faculty Contact: Professor Jon Shorr, 410.837.6059

  • Professional Writing

    Perfect your writing for whatever career you choose.

    This minor allows you to supplement your major by developing strong communications and writing skills in a range of media and genres.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (6 credits)

    • Writing, Editing & Publishing (ENGL 323)
    • Syntax, Semantics & Style (ENGL 390)

    Electives (9 credits)

    Choose three of the following:

    • Computer Graphics: Publishing (CMAT 211)
    • Magazine Design (CMAT 374)
    • Argument & Persuasion (ENGL 321)
    • Creative Writing Workshop: Creative Journalism (ENGL 386)
    • Techniques of Popularization (ENGL 322)
    • Public Relations Writing (ENGL 324)
    • Introduction to Journalism (ENGL 325)
    • Writing for Digital Media (ENGL 326)
    • Copy Editing & Document Design (ENGL 402)

    Faculty Contact: Professor Cheryl Wilson, 410.837.5203

  • Psychology

    Understand theories and concepts in the field of psychology that can help you find effective resolutions to interpersonal and organizational issues.

    Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. This minor provides breadth and focus in the field of psychology, based on a foundation of research methodology and scientific writing. The skills you'll develop through this minor will augment your abilities to assess and evaluate the needs and concerns of a community or organization with which you work, and they will enhance your ability to create effective solutions, utilizing a blend of scientific skepticism and open-minded tolerance for human behavior.

    Psychology majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • This minor requires you to have completed PSYC 100: Introduction to Psychology with a grade of C or better.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.
    • At least 9 credits earned toward this minor must be in 300- or 400-level courses

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (6 credits)

    • Introduction to Professional Practices (PSYC 200)
    • Research Methods and Statistics I (PSYC 308),
      or a quantitative methods course in another discipline

    Electives (9 credits)

    Choose three psychology elective courses.


    Contact: Program Director, Dr. Sally Farley, 410.837.5279 or Program Coordinator, Angie Miller, 410.837.6282

  • Security and Network Administration

    In the 21st century, organizations rely heavily on those who can use IT applications software competently and professionally. Be one of those people.

    Information technology is the application of computing and communication technologies in industry, government, business and entertainment, and it is now a vital part of any organization.

    As the interconnection of global information networks expand, this interdisciplinary minor in computing, communication networks, computer system administration and security technologies can provide you with theoretical and practical foundations in networking, computer system administration and security scenarios.

    Upon completing this minor, you will be prepared, with additional review, to pursue A+ and Network+ industry certifications. Actual certification would require successful completion of the certification examinations.

    Applied information technology majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (18 credits)

    Required Courses (12 credits)

    • Computer Hardware/Software Support (COSC 210)
    • Fundamentals of Computer Networks (COSC 310)
    • Fundamentals of Computer Security (COSC 332)
    • Legal Issues in High Technology Crime (COSC 430)

    Electives (6 credits)

    Choose two of the following:

    • Administering and Supporting a Network Operating System (COSC 312)
    • The TCP/IP Protocol Suite (COSC 401)
    • Information Assurance (COSC 432)
    • Network Security (COSC 433)
    • Digital Forensics (COSC 435)

    Faculty Contact: Giovanni Vincenti, 410.837.5886

  • Social Entrepreneurship

    Partner with community-serving organizations to explore the dynamics of civic engagement and citizenship.

    Many classes in this minor have a service-learning or experiential education component, and you will complete a semester-long field study, or internship, with a community organization in conjunction with a senior project that integrates field study and classroom and research work. You will explore courses from community studies and civic engagement, business, government and public policy, and negotiations and conflict management with particular focus on Central Maryland and its nonprofit organizations.

    Community studies and civic engagement majors are not eligible for this minor.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 24 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)


    Required Courses (12 credits)
    • The Entrepreneurial Experience (ENTR 300)
    • Introduction to Nonproft Leadership (CSCE 301)
    • Service Learning (CSCE 481)/Service Learning Seminar (CSCE 482)
      (These corequisite courses must be taken together, and you must have satisfactorily competed CSCE 301: Community Studies before enrolling; these courses require permission.)
    Elective (3 credits)

    Choose one.

    • Introduction to Financial Accounting (ACCT 201)
    • Understanding Community (CSCE 200)
    • Fundamentals of Grant Writing (CSCE 302)
    • Nonprofit Management (CSCE 400)
    • Economic and Community Development (CSCE 401)
    • Community Conflict: Causes, Sources, Solutions (CNCM 340)
    • The Economic Way of Thinking (ECON 200)
    • Urban Politics and Public Policy (GVPP 326)
    • Foundations of Democracy I (GVPP 426)
    • Human Resource Management (MGMT 315)
    • Marketing Management (MKTG 301)

    Contact: Kristen Tull, academic program coordinator, 410.837.5372

  • Victim Studies

    Ideal for students who are interested in pursuing a career or advanced academic study in advocacy or criminal justice.

    Explore the impact of crime victimization, learn how to recognize the needs of crime victims and analyze the formal and informal responses to victims of crime.

    Requirements and Guidelines

    • This minor requires you to have completed at least 15 credits with a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.5.
    • You may use a maximum of 6 credits to satisfy both major (degree) and minor requirements.
    • You must earn at least a C (2.0) in each course you apply to the minor.

    Minor Requirements (15 credits)

    • Victimology (CRJU 390)
    • The Trauma of Victimization (CRJU 392)
    • Multidiscplinary Perspectives on Interpersonal Violence (CRJU 394)
    • Contemporary Issues for Victims of Crime (CRJU 396)
    • Best Practices in Victim Services (CRJU 398)

    Contact: Kristen Tull, academic program coordinator, 410.837.5372

Last Published 8/26/15